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CentOS 5.2 and Asterisk 1.6.x installation  

2010-06-10 22:13:28|  分类: Asterisk |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Base Install of Asterisk on an i386 CentOS/RHEL box:

More as an aide memoir for us than anything else, but if somebody does find it useful, then that's good too!

For reasons detailed elsewhere, you're best not using a GUI, so do the installation from the command line ('linux-text' at the GRUB prompt). When you select the packages, the only one you need is 'server'. Disk partitioning, networking etc. is all entirely up to you!

At your first login, you'll be presented with a simple administration screen. Disable SELinux and (for now) the firewall.

Dependencies


The first thing to do is to get your box up to date. Try:

yum -y upgrade


and then reboot. Otherwise, to update all the installed packages, at the shell, run

yum -y update


When you've done either of the above, reboot the machine when it's finished (as it'll install a new kernel) and then run

yum -y update


again and repeat until there are no more updates.

Quick method:

Do you trust me? If so, the line below will install all the dependencies you need (and then some!) - cut and paste from here if you're happy to install things you may or may not need.

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel bison \
openssl openssl-devel perl perl-Net-SSLeay perl-Crypt-SSLeay \
libtermcap-devel ncurses-devel doxygen curl-devel newt-devel \
mlocate lynx tar wget nmap bzip2 mod_ssl crontabs vixie-cron \
speex speex-devel unixODBC unixODBC-devel libtool-ltdl \
libtool-ltdl-devel mysql-connector-odbc mysql mysql-devel \
mysql-server php-mysql php-mbstring php-mcrypt flex screen



 

Individual application specific dependencies

Asterisk

We've got to be able to compile it!

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++


Note that you may need to use the following if you are running a Xen enabled kernel:

yum -y install kernel-xen-devel


If you want the 'zttool' application, you'll need to:

yum -y install newt-devel


Other things you may find useful (if they're not already installed):

yum -y install mlocate lynx tar wget nmap bzip2 mod_ssl crontabs vixie-cron



 

Speex (optional)

Speex support depends on 'speex_preprocess_ctl' which is not available in the standard Speex packages. It may be possible to compile an older version of Speex if required.

ODBC stuff (optional)

Note that if you have already installed Asterisk, you will need to run 'configure', 'make' and 'make install' to detect ODBC and compile it in.

yum -y install unixODBC unixODBC-devel libtool-ltdl libtool-ltdl-devel



 

MySQL ODBC interface/connector (optional, but required if using ODBC and MySQL)

yum -y install mysql-connector-odbc


And then edit the file '/etc/odbcinst.ini' (or '/usr/local/odbcinst.ini') and replace 'Driver = /usr/lib/libmyodbc.so' with 'Driver = /usr/lib/libmyodbc3.so'

MySQL (optional)

yum -y install mysql mysql-devel mysql-server
chkconfig mysqld on
service mysqld start



 

PHPMyAdmin (optional)

Download the latest version from http://www.phpmyadmin.net/, unzip/unbzip/untar into /var/www/htdocs/phpmyadmin (for the time being). Make sure Apache starts on boot.

yum -y install php-mysql php-mbstring php-mcrypt
chkconfig httpd on
service httpd start


Surf to https://i.p.address/phpmyadmin and check it works.

Webmin (optional)

If SSL is required, ensure that the correct bits are installed

yum -y install openssl openssl-devel perl perl-Net-SSLeay perl-Crypt-SSLeay


Download the latest version of the RPM from http://www.webmin.com/

rpm -i webmin-VERSION
chkconfig webmin on
service webmin start


Surf to https://i.p.address:10000 and check it works.

Download and install Asterisk and components

Download

Download the latest asterisk version /usr/src/asterisk and untar the files as follows:

mkdir -p /usr/src/asterisk
cd /usr/src/asterisk
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-1.6.1-current.tar.gz
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-addons-1.6.1-current.tar.gz
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/dahdi-linux-complete/dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/libpri/libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz
tar -zxf dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
tar -zxf asterisk-1.6.1-current.tar.gz
tar -zxf libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz
tar -zxf asterisk-addons-1.6.1-current.tar.gz


You'll end up with four tar files and four directories in the directory '/usr/src/asterisk'.

Libpri (optional)

If you are using E1 cards you need to install LIBPRI. If you do want to use LIBPRI, make sure you compile and install it before you compile Asterisk. Replace 'VERSION' with the correct details.

cd /usr/src/asterisk/libpri-VERSION
make clean
make
make install



 

DAHDI

You're pretty much going to need DAHDI. If not for any hardware then for the dummy timer anyway. Note that the stock CentOS kernels come with a 1000HZ timer and so don't need recompiling (phew!). Replace 'VERSION' with the correct details.

cd /usr/src/asterisk/dahdi-linux-complete-VERSION
make all
make install
make config


Edit /etc/dahdi/modules, /etc/dahdi/system.conf and /etc/asterisk/chan_dahdi.conf for your site.
Set DAHDI to start automatically and then start it.

chkconfig dahdi on
service dahdi start



 

Asterisk

cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-VERSION
make clean
./configure


Choose which options to install (audio files, voicemail storage, codecs etc.)

make menuselect
make
make install


Install sample files in /etc/asterisk, install docs/manpages and set to start on boot.

make samples
make progdocs
make config
chkconfig asterisk on


Check Asterisk starts properly:

asterisk -vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvc
stop now


If not, you've probably not been following these instructions carefully! Assuming it does start properly, you probably want to start it in the background:

service asterisk start



 

Asterisk-addons

cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-addons-VERSION


 

make clean
./configure
make menuselect


Choose what you do and don't want. Unless you really need oh323, deselect it as it can be the cause of compilation woes.

make
make install


Install sample files in /etc/asterisk

make samples


Edit /etc/asterisk/cdr_mysql.conf and add 'loguniqueid=yes' to the global section.

mISDN drivers for Digium B410P (optional)

Removed - have yet to test installation with DAHDI



 

Configure MySQL (optional)

The information below shows table definitions for all of the tables Asterisk can use with MySQL or ODBC.

Notes

The UniqueID field in the CDR table is not necessarily unique! Due to the very very dodgy way Asterisk handles unique IDs, if you set the field to be the primary key (as advised elsewhere), you will lose data.

SQL

Note that the SIP 'qualify' field has a default value set to 'yes'. This is for two reasons. Firstly, I wrote these notes because it's how I use and want to use Asterisk. Secondly, whether qualification is enabled or not in realtime is controlled by the 'rtcachefriends' setting in sip.conf - if it's 'no', then whether 'qualify' is 'yes' or 'no' in the database is irrelevant. It makes sense therefore to enable it in the database and then turn it on or off with the 'rtcachefriends' setting.

SET SQL_MODE="NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO";

##
##Database: `asterisk`
##
CREATE DATABASE `asterisk` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET latin1 COLLATE latin1_swedish_ci;
USE `asterisk`;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `cdr`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `cdr` (
 `recid` mediumint(8) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment COMMENT 'Record ID',
 `calldate` datetime NOT NULL default '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
 `clid` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `src` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `dst` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `dcontext` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `channel` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `dstchannel` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `lastapp` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `lastdata` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
 `duration` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
 `billsec` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
 `disposition` varchar(45) NOT NULL default '',
 `amaflags` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
 `accountcode` varchar(20) NOT NULL default '',
 `uniqueid` varchar(32) NOT NULL default '',
 `userfield` varchar(255) NOT NULL default '',
 PRIMARY KEY  (`recid`),
 KEY `calldate` (`calldate`),
 KEY `dst` (`dst`),
 KEY `accountcode` (`accountcode`),
 KEY `src` (`src`),
 KEY `disposition` (`disposition`),
 KEY `uniqueid` (`uniqueid`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=1 ;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `queue_members`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `queue_members` (
  `queue_name` varchar(128) NOT NULL default '',
  `interface` varchar(128) NOT NULL default '',
  `penalty` int(11) default NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`queue_name`,`interface`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `queues`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `queues` (
  `name` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `musiconhold` varchar(128) default 'default',
  `announce` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `context` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `timeout` int(11) default '60',
  `monitor_join` tinyint(1) default NULL,
  `monitor_format` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_youarenext` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_thereare` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_callswaiting` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_holdtime` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_minutes` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_seconds` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_lessthan` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_thankyou` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `queue_reporthold` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `announce_frequency` int(11) default NULL,
  `announce_round_seconds` int(11) default NULL,
  `announce_holdtime` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `periodic_announce` varchar(128) default NULL,
  `periodic_announce_frequency` int(11) default NULL,

  `retry` int(11) default '5',
  `ringinuse` varchar(5) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `autofill` varchar(5) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `autopause` varchar(5) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `setinterfacevar` varchar(5) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `wrapuptime` int(11) default '30',
  `maxlen` int(11) default NULL,
  `servicelevel` int(11) default NULL,
  `strategy` varchar(128) default 'ringall',
  `joinempty` varchar(128) default 'no',
  `leavewhenempty` varchar(128) default 'yes',
  `eventmemberstatus` tinyint(1) default NULL,
  `eventwhencalled` tinyint(1) default NULL,
  `reportholdtime` tinyint(1) default NULL,
  `memberdelay` int(11) default NULL,
  `weight` int(11) default NULL,
  `timeoutrestart` tinyint(1) default NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`name`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `sip`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `sip` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `name` varchar(80) NOT NULL,
  `host` varchar(31) NOT NULL default 'dynamic',
  `nat` varchar(5) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `type` enum('user','peer','friend') NOT NULL default 'friend',
  `accountcode` varchar(20) default 'ACCOUNT',
  `amaflags` varchar(13) default NULL,
  `callgroup` varchar(10) default NULL,
  `callerid` varchar(80) default NULL,
  `call-limit` varchar(6) NOT NULL default '10',
  `cancallforward` char(3) default 'yes',
  `canreinvite` char(3) default 'no',
  `context` varchar(80) default 'from-sip',
  `defaultip` varchar(15) default NULL,
  `dtmfmode` varchar(7) default 'rfc2833',
  `fromuser` varchar(80) default NULL,
  `fromdomain` varchar(80) default NULL,
  `insecure` varchar(4) default NULL,
  `language` char(2) default 'en',
  `mailbox` varchar(50) default NULL,
  `md5secret` varchar(80) default NULL,
  `deny` varchar(95) default '0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0',
  `permit` varchar(95) default '0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0',
  `mask` varchar(95) default NULL,
  `musiconhold` varchar(100) default 'default',
  `pickupgroup` varchar(10) default NULL,
  `qualify` char(3) default 'yes',
  `regexten` varchar(80) default NULL,
  `restrictcid` char(3) default NULL,
  `rtptimeout` char(3) default NULL,
  `rtpholdtimeout` char(3) default NULL,
  `secret` varchar(80) default 'SECRET',
  `setvar` varchar(100) default NULL,
  `disallow` varchar(100) default 'all',
  `allow` varchar(100) default 'alaw',
  `fullcontact` varchar(80) NOT NULL default '',
  `ipaddr` varchar(15) NOT NULL default '',
  `port` smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL default '0',
  `regserver` varchar(100) default NULL,
  `regseconds` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `username` varchar(80) NOT NULL,
  `defaultuser` varchar(80) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `name` (`name`),
  KEY `name_2` (`name`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 ROW_FORMAT=DYNAMIC AUTO_INCREMENT=301 ;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `voicemail_messages`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `voicemail_messages` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `msgnum` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `dir` varchar(80) default '',
  `context` varchar(80) default '',
  `macrocontext` varchar(80) default '',
  `callerid` varchar(40) default '',
  `origtime` varchar(40) default '',
  `duration` varchar(20) default '',
  `mailboxuser` varchar(80) default '',
  `mailboxcontext` varchar(80) default '',
  `recording` longblob,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`),
  KEY `dir` (`dir`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=1088 ;

##########################################################

##
##Table structure for table `voicemail_users`
##

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `voicemail_users` (
  `uniqueid` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `customer_id` varchar(11) NOT NULL default '0',

  `context` varchar(50) NOT NULL default 'default',
  `mailbox` varchar(11) NOT NULL default '0',
  `password` varchar(5) NOT NULL default '6666',
  `fullname` varchar(150) NOT NULL,
  `email` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
  `pager` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
  `tz` varchar(10) NOT NULL default 'en',
  `attach` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `saycid` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `dialout` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
  `callback` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
  `review` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `operator` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `envelope` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `sayduration` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',

  `saydurationm` tinyint(4) NOT NULL default '1',
  `sendvoicemail` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `delete` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `nextaftercmd` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `forcename` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `forcegreetings` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'no',
  `hidefromdir` varchar(4) NOT NULL default 'yes',
  `stamp` timestamp NOT NULL default CURRENT_TIMESTAMP on update CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`uniqueid`),
  KEY `mailbox_context` (`mailbox`,`context`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=101 ;

## ########################################################

##
##Create realtime user with approximately the right privs.
##

CREATE USER 'astrealtime'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MYPASS';
GRANT FILE ON * . * TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MYPASS' WITH MAX_QUERIES_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_CONNECTIONS_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_UPDATES_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS 0 ;
GRANT INSERT ON `asterisk`.`cdr` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT , INSERT , UPDATE , DELETE ON `asterisk`.`queue_members` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT , UPDATE ON `asterisk`.`queues` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT , UPDATE ON `asterisk`.`sip` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT , UPDATE ON `asterisk`.`voicemail_users` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT , UPDATE , INSERT , DELETE ON `asterisk`.`voicemail_messages` TO 'astrealtime'@'localhost';

Configure various files

Set up CDR to MySQL

Edit /etc/asterisk/cdr_mysql.conf
[global]
hostname=localhost
dbname=asterisk
table=cdr
password=MYPASS
user=astrealtime
port=3306
sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
userfield=1

Set up realtime

Edit res_mysql.conf
[general]
dbhost = localhost
dbname = asterisk
dbuser = astrealtime
dbpass = MYPASS
dbport = 3306
dbsock = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

If you are using version 1.6.0 or lower

Edit /etc/asterisk/extconfig.conf
[settings]
queues => mysql,asterisk,queues
queue_members => mysql,asterisk,queue_members
sippeers => mysql,asterisk,sip
sipusers => mysql,asterisk,sip
voicemail => mysql,asterisk,voicemail_users

If you are using version 1.6.1 or higher

Edit /etc/asterisk/extconfig.conf
[settings]
queues => mysql,general,queues
queue_members => mysql,general,queue_members
sippeers => mysql,general,sip
sipusers => mysql,general,sip
voicemail => mysql,general,voicemail_users

ODBC configuration (using settings from above)

/etc/odbcinst.ini

[MySQL]
Description     = ODBC for MySQL
Driver          = /usr/lib/libmyodbc3.so
;For x64 systems
;Driver          = /usr/lib64/libmyodbc3.so
Setup           = /usr/lib/libodbcmyS.so
FileUsage       = 1
(Note the '3' which isn't in the original sample file!)

/etc/odbc.ini

; DSN definitions
[astrealtime]
Description     = Asterisk realtime and other FUNC_ODBC access
Driver          = MySQL
Socket          = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
Server          = localhost
User            = astrealtime
Pass            = MYPASS
Database        = asterisk
Option          = 3

/etc/asterisk/res_odbc.conf

; Environment variables
[ENV]

; Connections
[astrealtime]
enabled => yes
dsn => astrealtime
username => astrealtime
password => MYPASS
pre-connect => yes
idlecheck => 3600

/etc/asterisk/func_odbc.conf

This really depends on why you need database access from the dialplan!



Setting up Asterisk on a vserver

Removed - have yet to test installation with DAHDIn

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